Minorca and Menorca are two interchangeable terms. This island is a prominent one among the prominent Spanish Balearic Islands located on the Mediterranean Sea. The name Minorca refers to this island’s being minor in size compared to the neighboring island called Majorca. Minorca now has a pretty large population (approximately 88,000). With lush scenic beauty, this island stands at 39°47' - 40°00'N and 3°52' - 4°24'E. The highest point on this island is called El Toro. It’s also known as Monte Toro. This one is 358 meters or 1174 feet above the sea level.
Minorca is also known for the megalithic stone based monuments like navetes, taules or talaiots. All of them represent ancient primeval human activities. Among the first cultures on Minorca used to be influenced by many other types of Mediterranean cultures, which included the Minoans of the earliest Crete. As for instance, the use and applications of overturned plastered timber pillars at Knossos are believed to have thoroughly influenced the early civic lives of Minorca, who imitated these practices.
By the last part of the famous Punic wars there was a steep hike in the invasions of pirates in the west Mediterranean. Roman concurring of Hispania lead to a massive growth of prosperous maritime trade among the Iberian as well as Italian peninsulas. Moreover, pirates started to took full advantage of these strategic locations on the Balearic Islands, for raiding Roman commerce, by using Minorca as well as Majorca as their bases. As an effect to this, Romans started to invade Minorca. Both of these islands came under the rule of Romans by 121 BC.
There are 2 official languages in this region, namely - Spanish and Balearic Catalan. Natives on this island now speak a special variety of the original Catalan – Menorquí. They generally speak Spanish glibly as their second language. However, many immigrants in this era are monolingual as they speak only Spanish. In between Menorquí and the mainstream Catalan proper, just the way almost all Balearic dialects are, the most noteworthy distinction is the word used with the definite article "the". To illustrate, the Menorquí uses only "es" when they mean masculine and "sa" when they use feminine.
Menorquí this way shares the origin of this article with numerous Sardinian varieties like masc. sing. su, fem sing. or sa, instead of the normal Catalan "el" or "la", which are typical to other forms of Romance languages like Spanish el, la and Italian il, la. This corresponds to a special form that was in history used with the Costa Brava in Catalonia. Menorquí, nevertheless incorporated some English words that dated back in the British occupation like "grevi", "xumaquer", "boinder" or "xoc" taken exactly from "gravy", "shoemaker," "bow window," or "chalk", respectively.
The food or drink of this region is tourists’ paradise. You could actually see British influences in the tastes of Minorcans when it comes to gin. This drink is blended with bitter tasting lemon for preparing a golden colored liquid called Pomada. This beverage is presented in the local feasts for honoring the patron saints of the towns. A common factor among in Minorca people is a standard, yet extreme oftentimes, imbuement of Pomada all through the whole day. This is known as Formatge de Maó in popular culture. It’s a special kind of cheese found commonly in this island. It’s believed that mayonnaise actually was taken back to the heart of France from Mahon, Minorca, when Louis-François-Armand conquered the British at the port of the city 1750s.
And other major attractions are the wildlife and flowers of Minorca. This island has a rich collection of wild flowers which are pretty common in Mediterranean. There are some exotic endemic species together with a wide selection of orchids. Many of these are see in late March, April or May.
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